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Bylaws of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, Inc.



Article IV. Officers

4.01. Elected and Appointed Officers
4.02. Terms of Office
4.03. The President
4.04. The President-Elect
4.05. The Secretary for Annual Meeting
4.06. The Senior Secretary for Clinical Education
4.07. The Senior Secretary for Advocacy
4.08. The Senior Secretary for Ophthalmic Practice
4.09. The Editor of Ophthalmology
4.10. The Executive Vice President
4.11. Other Officers


4.01. Elected and Appointed Officers.

(a) The Elected Officers of the Academy shall be:

(1) President;
(2) President-Elect;
(3) Secretary for Annual Meeting;
(4) Senior Secretary for Clinical Education;
(5) Senior Secretary for Advocacy; and
(6) Senior Secretary for Ophthalmic Practice.

(b) The Appointed Officers of the Academy shall be: (1) Editor; and (2) Executive Vice President.

4.02. Terms of Office.
(a) The President shall serve for a term of one (1) year, or until a successor is elected.

(b) The President-Elect shall serve for a term of one (1) year, or until a successor is elected.

(c) The Secretary for Annual Meeting shall serve as an Elected Officer for one (1) full term of three (3) years, or until a successor is elected, and shall be eligible for re-election to the same Office for one (1) additional full term.

(d) Each Senior Secretary shall serve for one (1) full term of three (3) years, or until a successor is elected, except that the terms of the Senior Secretaries shall be staggered so that the term of only one (1) of them expires each year. A Senior Secretary shall be eligible for re-election to the same Office for one (1) additional full term.

(e) The Editor shall serve as an Appointed Officer for a maximum of three (3) terms of four (4) years each. Any person who has served as Editor for one or more terms of one year may be appointed for one or more four (4) year terms, provided that his or her total service as Editor does not exceed twelve (12) years.

(f) The Executive Vice President shall serve as an Appointed Officer for a term determined in the manner provided for in Section 4.10 of these Bylaws.

(g) A person who serves in an Elected Office for less than one-half (1/2) of a full term shall not be considered to have served a full term for purposes of determining the person's eligibility for re-election to the same Office. The term of each Elected Officer shall commence on January 1 of the calendar year following the year in which the Officer is elected, except that the term of the President shall commence either on the date on which the person is succeeded as President-Elect or on January 1 of the calendar year following the year in which the person is elected to the Office of President in accordance with Section 4.11, as the case may be.

4.03. The President shall be the Chair of the Board of Trustees of the Academy; shall preside at all annual and special meetings of the Fellows and Members of the Academy; shall act as a representative of the Academy to the medical community at large and federal, state, and local governmental and private agencies and organizations; shall work with the Executive Vice President to ensure that basic Academy policies and programs are formulated and executed; shall serve no more than one (1) term as President, except as the contrary is provided in Section 4.04; may create Special Committees and appoint interim Academy representatives to civic, professional, and governmental organizations as may be required to execute the business and affairs of the Academy; may attend meetings of all committees of the Academy and the Council, other than the Academy's Nominating Committee; and shall have all other duties and responsibilities prescribed by these Bylaws, the Procedural Rules, and the Operational Procedures and that the Board of Trustees may determine. A person who has served as President of the Academy is ineligible for nomination, election, or service as President-Elect of the Academy.

4.04. The President-Elect shall automatically become the President of the Academy upon expiration of the President's term; shall, in the absence or disability of the President perform the duties and responsibilities of the President; shall fill any vacancy in the Office of President for the unexpired portion of the President's term and also serve a full term as President; shall serve no more than one (1) term as President-Elect; shall work with the President and the Executive Vice President to ensure that basic Academy policies and programs are formulated and executed; shall be the presiding officer of each plenary session of the Council and in that capacity shall convene and close the meeting, but shall not conduct the business of each plenary session of the Council; may attend meetings of all committees of the Academy, other than the Nominating Committee; and shall have all other duties and responsibilities prescribed by these Bylaws, the Procedural Rules, and the Operational Procedures and that the President or the Board of Trustees may determine.

4.05.  The Secretary for Annual Meeting.  The Secretary for Annual Meeting shall be responsible for the annual meeting, scientific programs, and scientific exhibits and shall have all other duties and responsibilities prescribed by these Bylaws and that the Board of Trustees may determine.

4.06. The Senior Secretary for Clinical Education shall coordinate the programs and activities of the Academy's Clinical Education Group and shall have all other duties and responsibilities that the Board of Trustees may determine.

4.07. The Senior Secretary for Advocacy shall coordinate the programs and activities of the Academy's Advocacy Group and shall have all other duties and responsibilities that the Board of Trustees may determine.

4.08. The Senior Secretary for Ophthalmic Practice shall coordinate the programs and activities of the Academy's Ophthalmic Practice Group and shall have all other duties and responsibilities prescribed by these Bylaws and that the Board of Trustees may determine.

4.09. The Editor of Ophthalmology shall be responsible for publication of the Academy's journal Ophthalmology, shall be appointed by the Board of Trustees, and shall have all other duties and responsibilities prescribed by these Bylaws and that the Board of Trustees may determine.

4.10. The Executive Vice President shall be an Active or Life Fellow of the Academy and shall be elected to, and may be removed from, office upon the affirmative vote of two-thirds (2/3rds) of the members of the Board of Trustees. The term of office and compensation of, and other provisions with respect to, the Executive Vice President, to the extent not inconsistent with these Bylaws, shall be as specified in a contract with the Executive Vice President approved by the Executive Committee. In addition to the other powers, duties, and responsibilities, and authority of the Executive Vice President provided for in these Bylaws, the Executive Vice President shall serve as the Chief Executive Officer, Treasurer, and Secretary of the Academy and shall have and exercise all powers, duties, and responsibilities usually incident to each and all of those offices, may attend all meetings of the Academy and the Council and their respective committees, and shall have all other powers, duties, and responsibilities prescribed by these Bylaws, the Procedural Rules, and the Operational Procedures for the Council and that the Board of Trustees or the Executive Committee may determine.

4.11. Other Officers.
The Board of Trustees shall have authority to elect or appoint, remove, with or without cause, and replace all other Officers or agents that the Trustees may deem appropriate. Each Officer or agent elected or appointed by the Board of Trustees shall have the duties and responsibilities set forth in the person's contract, if any, approved by or in a manner determined by the Executive Committee or the Board of Trustees, as the case may be, or in resolution of the Board of Trustees electing or appointing the person as an Officer or agent. A person's election or appointment to any Office or other position by the Board of Trustees shall not in itself create contract rights between the person and the Academy, and a person's removal from the Office or other position shall be without prejudice to the contract rights, if any, of the person removed. Officers or agents elected or appointed by the Board of Trustees may, unless otherwise determined by the Board of Trustees, attend meetings of the Board of Trustees.