EyeNet Magazine



   
 
 
 

Academy Notebook

What’s Happening

FYI

Academy Store

Washington Report

Meeting Matters

Members at Large

For the Record


What’s Happening

The Academy’s Highest Honor: The Laureate
This year the Academy’s most prestigious honor, the Laureate Recognition Award, is presented to three giants of 20th-century ophthalmology whose contributions continue to have an impact today: Danièle S. Aron Rosa, MD, J. Donald M. Gass, MD, and Marshall M. Parks, MD. They will be honored during the Opening Session at this year’s Joint Meeting.

The Laureate Award, now in its second year, honors physicians who have made the most significant contributions to the science of ophthalmology leading to the prevention of blindness and restoration of sight worldwide. Last year, Charles D. Kelman, MD, Robert Machemer, MD, and Charles L. Schepens, MD, were the inaugural recipients of ophthalmology’s “Nobel Prize.”

To read Laureate profiles, visit www.aao.org/laureate. Early next year, the Academy will take nominations for the 2005 Laureate Recognition Award—check January’s EyeNet Magazine for details.

FYI

Review the Candidates for 2004 Membership
The candidates for 2004 Academy membership are now listed online. These applicants have not yet been reviewed by the board of trustees.

If you have reason to believe that any individual(s) should not be recommended by the board for election to membership, please submit the reason(s) with documentation (specific names, dates, places, etc.) in writing as soon as possible and no later than Oct. 15 to AAO, Member Services, Attention: Jill Hartle, P.O. Box 7424, San Francisco, CA 94120-7424.

Membership is a privilege and is conferred upon recommendation of the board and election thereto by a three-fourths (3/4) affirmative vote of the voting fellows and members present at the annual business meeting, which takes place on Oct. 24 in New Orleans.

To view the list of candidates, please visit the Academy’s Member Center at www.aao.org/member.

Free Report Outlines Effects of Nutritional Supplement Use
Read Nutritional Supplements: Perioperative Implications for Eye Surgery and learn about potential medication-nutritional supplement interactions in the perioperative period. Pamela S. Chavis, MD, author of this Complementary Therapy Assessment, has established a monitoring process to collect information about adverse events related to nutritional supplement use, and a form for reporting adverse events is included with this assessment. You also can download a poster for your office and a form for preop screening of patients’ use of nutritional supplements.

To read this assessment, go to www.aao.org, select “Clinical Information” and then click “Complementary Therapy Assessments.”

Cut Your Spending on Health Care Supplies
The SimplifEye Ophthalmic Purchasing Program already has helped hundreds of practices reduce costs and facilitate ordering processes.

The program, which is a free benefit of Academy and AAOE membership, is designed to give you the best possible prices on medical, surgical and front-office supplies. A program by Henry Schein, SimplifEye features a formulary that was developed with the help of ophthalmologists.

For more information, visit www.aao.org/simplifeye or call 800-772-4346.

Go Online to Browse Antique Spectacles
“Eye glasses are taken for granted by nearly everyone, yet they are one of the most significant inventions of all time,” said David A. Fleishman, MD.

The retired ophthalmologist hopes to nurture a deeper appreciation of antique spectacles with his new Web site, which traces seven centuries of development and features identification guides, slideshows, games and more.

Collectors and museum curators from around the world are participating in this group endeavor.

To visit the online museum, go to www.antiquespectacles.com.

Apply for the NEI’s Clinician Scientist Development Program
As part of its efforts to encourage the timely transition of research into medical practice, the NIH is offering financial support for ophthalmologists to design projects that integrate bench research with the direct study or treatment of human subjects.

For more information, go to www.nei.nih.gov/jobs and click “NEI Clinician Scientist Development Program.”

Free HIPAA Updates
The Office for Civil Rights has launched a listserv that is devoted to the HIPAA privacy rule.

Sign up for the listserv and you will receive news of privacy rule updates and educational information directly from the OCR, the body that is responsible for enforcing the regulations’ civil sanctions.

To sign up for the listserv, go to list.nih.gov and browse for “ocr-privacy-list.”

In October, Help to Heighten Awareness of World Blindness
There are currently 180 million people in the world suffering from some degree of visual impairment. During October’s World Blindness Awareness Month, spread the message to your patients, community and media that this problem could be largely eliminated if people had access to sight-saving medical and surgical care.

The Academy has developed a variety of resources—including a press release, a template for a practice newsletter, a poster and a patient handout—to help you focus attention on world blindness.

To explore these free materials, go to www.aao.org/eyemd and click “Monthly Observances.”

E-Mail Alerts Ensure You Stay Up-to-Date
The Academy e-mails urgent messages—such as scope-of-practice alerts and Joint Meeting updates—to its members several times each year. If you are not receiving these e-mails, the Academy may not have your most current e-mail address.

To receive Academy e-mails, send your e-mail address to member_services@aao.org and please include your full name in the message header.

Academy Store

New BCSC CD-ROM Includes Several Improved Features
The latest CD-ROM version of the Basic and Clinical Science Course offers new features —the ability to highlight text, write notes, bookmark important sections and link from journal article references to PubMed.

A convenient complement to the BCSC print edition, the CD-ROM offers the complete 14-section book content (including brand-new Section 14: Refractive Surgery), more than 3,000 images, an improved search function and an interactive self-assessment program.

For a single-user license (Product #0282004), the CD-ROM costs $685 for members and $982 for nonmembers. Special discounts are available for purchasing the single-user CD-ROM with revised and new sections or the complete set of the 2004–2005 BCSC. Multiuser licenses also are available.

To buy the CD-ROM, or to find out about discounts or multiuser licenses, contact the Academy Service Center at 415-561-8540 or visit www.aao.org/store.

Basic Ophthalmology: New 8th Edition Is Now Available
The new Basic Ophthalmology, 8th Edition (#0230060) is an ideal complement to the medical student’s curriculum and a leading reference text for primary care residents and nonophthalmic physicians.

The revised text—which covers practical information for the diagnosis, management and referral of common ocular disorders—includes updated images and sample clinical problems.

Readers will get the latest information on glaucoma care, the aging eye, ocular and orbital injuries, neuro-ophthalmology, ocular manifestations of systemic diseases, and drugs and the eye. Basic Ophthalmology costs $48 for both members and nonmembers.

To order, visit www.aao.org/store or call the Academy Service Center at 415-561-8540.

Why Hang Around for Ethics? Earn CME Credits on the Go
Audio compact disc versions of the Academy’s three online ethics courses now are available for members who would prefer to listen to the course content at home or on the road rather than read it online. The Ethical Ophthalmologist series employs case studies, questions and discussion to illustrate how to recognize and analyze ethical dilemmas.

The three courses in this series are Commercial Relationships, Compensations and Advertising (#015011); Informed Consent, Doctor-Patient Relationship and Delegated Services (#015 013) and Research, New Technology and Collegiality (#015015).

Each course is approximately one hour long and carries one ethics-specific CME credit. Each audio CD costs $25 for members and $40 for nonmembers.

To order your ethics audio CD, phone the Academy Service Center at 415-561-8540 or visit the Academy Store at www.aao.org/store.

Washington Report

Government Affairs Events at the Joint Meeting
Use the Joint Meeting to hear the latest news on the VETS Act and the physician Medicare Fee Schedule fix, and learn how you can protect your practice and profession by participating in ophthalmology’s political battles.

What You Will Learn. With the Joint Meeting only weeks away, be sure to make time in your schedule for the following free sessions:

The New Contact Lens Prescription Release Law: What Every Ophthalmologist Should Know. Federal Trade Commission officials will explain the legal and regulatory requirements for implementation of the contact lens law, as well as enforcement of the recently passed Fairness to Contact Lens Consumers Act. (Saturday, Oct. 23 at 12:15 to 1:30 p.m. in Room 291.)

State Affairs Forum. Learn about the Academy’s campaign to derail optometric efforts to enact surgical privileges through legislative and regulatory fiat in all states. This “surgery by surgeons” update will have a special focus on Oklahoma. (Saturday, Oct. 23 from 9 a.m. to noon at the Wyndham New Orleans at Canal Palace.)

A Guide to Ophthalmic Device and Drug Evaluation. This overview of medical device and drug regulation will include a discussion of the application and review process, along with recent legislative and regulatory developments. (Sunday, Oct. 24 from 12:15 to 1:30 p.m. in Room 274.)

Children’s Reading Disabilities: What the Ophthalmologist Should Know. Learn about the ophthalmologist’s role in evaluating and managing reading disabilities. (Monday, Oct. 25 from 12:15 to 1:30 p.m. in Room 291.)

What You Can Do. Go to the Governmental Affairs booth in the Academy’s Resource Center and send a letter to your member of Congress on an urgent issue or donate to OphthPAC and the Surgical Scope Fund. OphthPAC donors are invited to a reception with members of Congress on Saturday, Oct. 23 from 5:30 to 7 p.m. in the Crescent Room of the Wyndham New Orleans at Canal Place.

Meeting Matters

A little advance planning can help you make the most of your time at this year’s Subspecialty Day (Oct. 22 to 23) and Joint Meeting (Oct. 23 to 26).

Beat the Clock: Book Today
Act now to save money and to get your first choice of Instruction Courses and restaurant reservations.

  • Last call for advance registration—Oct. 4. Take advantage of advance registration fees, as most registration categories and ticket fees increase onsite. You can register and purchase tickets online, but it is too late to do so by mail or by fax. If you registered by Sept. 1, your badge materials will be mailed to you prior to the meeting. Register after Sept. 1 and you will need to pick up your meeting badge and tickets at the Advance Registration area in Hall J of the Morial Convention Center.

For advance registration or ticket purchase, visit www.aao.org/annual_meeting no later than Oct. 4.                                            

  • Final Program online. Get an early start on planning for New Orleans. Information from the 2004 Final Program—including comprehensive information on scientific papers, posters and videotapes—is now online.

To read extracts from the Final Program, go to www.aao.org/annual_meeting.

  • Call now for your dining reservation. In New Orleans, food is taken very seriously. Indeed, the range of cuisines and restaurants may leave a visitor’s head spinning, but help is at hand with the restaurant information and reservation service, On the Town.

    To make a reservation, phone On the Town at 800-446-3463 or visit their booth in Lobby I of the Morial Convention Center.

Resources

E-Services
Stay connected with fellow attendees and access meeting information before and during the meeting.

  • Visit the AAO Mail/Message Center. Send and receive e-mail, browse the Web and leave or retrieve messages for fellow registered attendees through the AAO Mail/Message Center. The Message Center service will be available before the Joint Meeting on the Academy’s Web site www.aao.org/annual_meeting. During the meeting, terminals will be located in Pfizer Ophthalmics’ booth (Hall E, Booth #1117) and at the Technology Pavilion (Hall I, Booth #5645). The AAO Mail/ Message Center is supported by Pfizer Ophthalmics. IBM Life Sciences has generously provided the e-mail workstations in the Technology Pavilion.
  • Go Wireless at the Wi-Fi Lounge. Access free, fast and reliable wireless connectivity from your laptop at the Wi-Fi Lounge. The AAO Message Center is also conveniently available through the Wi-Fi connection. The Wi-Fi Hotspot Lounges will be located in the rear of Hall E and at the Technology Pavilion (Hall I, Booth #5645).
  • Download abstracts to your PDA. Download abstracts from the 2004 Final Program into your PDA device. Meeting E-Abstracts will be available before the Joint Meeting at www.aao.org/annual_meeting. During the meeting, beaming stations will be located in Merck U.S. Human Health’s booth (Hall E, Booth #1143) and at the Technology Pavilion (Hall I, Booth #5645). Meeting E-Abstracts is supported by Merck U.S. Human Health.
  • Use your PDA to reference meeting essentials. Download the Technology Pavilion schedule, shuttle schedule and exhibitor listings into your PDA device. During the meeting, beaming stations will be located at the Technology Pavilion (Hall I, Booth #5645).

Smile—You’re on Camera
Go on camera to educate your patients and promote your practice.

  • Reserve camera time at the Video and DVD Personalization Booth. Market your practice while educating your patients with personalized patient education videos and DVDs. Visit the Video and DVD Personalization Booth—which will be located in the Academy’s Resource Center (Hall G, Booth #3039)—and add your own on-camera introduction to the Academy’s award-winning patient education products: Understanding Age-Related Macular Degeneration (video and DVD); Understanding Cataract Surgery (DVD), which features a separate section that aids in the informed consent process; Understanding Glaucoma (video and DVD); Understanding LASIK (DVD), which features sections on wavefront and informed consent; and Understanding Refractive Surgery (DVD). You can view clips of these materials at www.aao.org/store. The one-time customization fee is $175 for members and $275 for nonmembers.

To reserve camera time, contact Elizabeth Gand—either by e-mail, egand@aao.org, or by phone, 415-561-8549—to inquire about available time slots. 

  • Free media training for ECA volunteers. A free lunch and media training session scheduled for Monday, Oct. 25 is open to all EyeCare America volunteers. Space is limited. The 90-minute session includes instruction on talking points for EyeCare America programs and skills that can be used to effectively market your practice through television, radio and print media.

    Please respond no later than Sept. 10 by contacting Allison Neves at 415-561-8518, or aneves@aao.org.

Need to Find a Job or Fill a Vacancy?
Register for the Professional Choices Job Fair. On Sunday, Oct. 24, from 2:15 to 5 p.m., hiring practices and job seekers can meet and mingle in a low-pressure environment. Space is limited, so register early.

If you are a job seeker, register for Special Event #SPE26; registration for job seekers is free.

If you are a hiring practice, register for Special Event #SPE26A; the registration fee is $350 for members ($550 for nonmembers). In addition to the Job Fair, your fee includes access to the Opening Session for Hiring Practices (Sunday, Oct. 24 from 12:15 to 1:30 p.m.), which features advice on employment contracts, noncompete clauses and compensations.

For more information, go to www.aao.org/jobfair or phone Janine Barth at 415-447-0335 if you have any additional questions.

What’s the Scoop? It’s in the Academy News
When in New Orleans, pick up the Joint Meeting newspaper, Academy News, for news of Subspecialty Day, the Opening Session and other special events. Pick up Academy News in the convention center’s lobbies.

Program

Highlights of Free Joint Meeting Events
During this year’s Joint Meeting (Saturday, Oct. 23 to Tuesday, Oct. 25), you can drop in on a diverse program of free events—no ticket required. Here are some highlights:

  • Start your day with the latest findings. From Sunday through Tuesday, the scientific posters and video program will be open from 7:30 a.m.; on Saturday from 10 a.m.
  • Relax at Saturday afternoon’s Welcome Reception—in the Exhibit Hall from 4 to 6 p.m.—and enjoy a drink and hors d’oeuvres with your fellow attendees while perusing the exhibits. Be sure to enter the raffle to win valuable Academy prizes.
  • Attend Sunday Morning’s Opening Session—in the Auditorium from 8:30 to 10 a.m.
  • Attend Monday morning’s Cataract Spotlight Session—in the Auditorium from 8:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m.—for more than 30 presentations chaired by David F. Chang, MD, and Louis D.
  • Attend Monday evening’s Refractive Surgery Spotlight Session and Reception—in La Nouvelle Orleans Ballroom C from 5:30 to 7 p.m. (Spotlight Session) and 7 to 8 p.m. (reception)—for A Symposium Honoring the Memory of Jose Barraquer, MD, and the Contributions of Steve Trokel, MD, and Jan Worst, MD, to the Development of Refractive Surgery.
  • Check out the transatlantic symposia. Seven of this year’s sessions are jointly sponsored by American and European subspecialty societies.

For further details, visit the Joint Meeting Web site at www.aao.org/annual_meeting.

Subspecialty Day 2004
The 2004 Subspecialty Day offers an intensive review of the latest advances in glaucoma, refractive surgery and retina.

For this year’s Retina meeting (Oct. 22 to 23), program directors William F. Mieler, MD, and Michael T. Trese, MD, have created a program packed with presentations from the experts in the field. It includes an entire section on the prevention and treatment of complications.

At the ISRS/AAO meeting (Oct. 22 to 23), program directors John A. Vukich, MD, and Jorge L. Alio, MD, PhD, are pleased to offer an evening session that is free to all registered Subspecialty Day and Joint Meeting attendees and exhibitors. This rapid-fire paper session takes place on Friday, Oct. 22 from 6 to 7:30 p.m.

At the Glaucoma meeting (Oct. 23), Wallace L. M. Alward, MD, will present this year’s American Glaucoma Society Subspecialty Day Lecture: How Will the Genetics of Glaucoma Help Us to Diagnose and Treat the Disease? Program directors David S. Greenfield, MD, and Claude F. Burgoyne, MD, have invited a cutting-edge faculty to discuss topics ranging from the glaucomatous optic nerve to surgical pearls.

For complete program schedules, visit www.aao.org/ annual_meeting.

Honorary Lectures

Barraquer Lecture
“Optical Quality After Refractive Surgery: Corneal vs. Phakic IOLs”
Jack T. Holladay, MD, MSEE, FACS
Tuesday, Oct. 26, 9:48 to 10:08 a.m.
Auditorium
During the LASIK Under Fire symposium (#SYM26; 9 to 10:31 a.m.)

Castroviejo Lecture
“Whence Refractive Surgery: Corneal Surface, Corneal Stroma or Inside the Eye?”
George O. Waring III, MD
Monday, Oct. 25, 2:02 to 2:30 p.m.
La Nouvelle Orleans, Ballroom C
During the New Medical and Therapeutic Options in Corneal and External Disease symposium (#SYM20; 2 to 3:36 p.m.)

Parker Heath Lecture
“How the Lessons of Large Organizations Translate to Smaller Practices”
Michael R. Redmond, MD
Sunday, Oct. 24, 11:25 to 11:43 a.m.
La Nouvelle Orleans, Ballroom C
During the Translating Your Philosophy of Patient Care Into a Thriving Business symposium (#SYM02; 10:15 to 11:45 a.m.)

William F. Hoyt Lecture
“What Do We Really Know About Amblyopia?”
Creig S. Hoyt, MD
Sunday, Oct. 24, 11:51 a.m. to 12:13 p.m.
La Nouvelle Orleans, Ballroom B
During the Cerebrovascular Disease: What the Practicing Ophthalmologist Needs to Know symposium (#SYM03; 10:15 a.m. to 12:15 p.m.)

Wendell Hughes Lecture
“Congenital Ptosis and Ocular Development”
John V. Linberg, MD
Monday, Oct. 25, 10:34 to 11 a.m.
La Nouvelle Orleans, Ballroom C
During the Autonomic Oculoplastics: Things You Should Know in Your Sleep symposium (#SYM13; 9 to 11 a.m.)

Jackson Memorial Lecture
“Age-Related Macular Degeneration: A 35-Year Perspective”
Stuart L. Fine, MD
Sunday, Oct. 24
Auditorium
During the 2004 Opening Session (#SPE12; 8:30 to 10 a.m.)

Marshall M. Parks Lecture
“Secondary IOLs in Children”
Edward G. Buckley, MD
Monday, Oct. 25, 3:31 to 3:58 p.m.
Room 394
During the Pediatric Cataracts: Advances and Controversies symposium (#SYM18; 2 to 4 p.m.)

A. D. Rudemann Lecture
“The Post-Enucleation Socket Syndrome”
Richard O. Collin
Sunday, Oct. 24, 3:08 to 3:28 p.m.
La Nouvelle Orleans, Ballroom C
During the Ophthalmologists’ and Ocularists’ Points of View on Controversial Issues symposium (#SYM06; 2 to 3:31 p.m.)

Whitney Sampson Lecture
“Stimulation Stress, Genes and the Lacrimal Gland”
William D. Mathers, MD
Sunday, Oct. 24, 3:04 to 3:28 p.m.
Auditorium
During the Dry Eyes and Corneal Infections in the Contact Lens Wearer symposium (#SYM10; 2 to 3:30 p.m.)

Robert N. Shaffer Lecture
“Risk Factors in Glaucoma Management”
B. Thomas Hutchinson, MD
Monday, Oct. 25, 10:05 to 10:30 a.m.
La Nouvelle Orleans, Ballroom B
During the Target Pressure: Legal and Practical Implications symposium (#SYM15; 9 to 10:30 a.m.)

Zimmerman Lecture
“Concepts in Ocular Inflammation: A Perspective”
Edward L. Howes Jr., MD
Sunday, Oct. 24, 3:33 to 3:58 p.m.
La Nouvelle Orleans, Ballroom B
Takes place during the Inflammation Re-envisioned in Ophthalmic Disorders symposium (#SYM08; 2 to 4 p.m.)

To preview a full schedule for a particular symposium, note the symposium’s event code (#SYMXX) and search the Online Program at the Academy’s Web site, www.aao.org/annual_meeting.

Awards

Attend the ISRS/AAO Gala Awards Dinner
Join ISRS/AAO at the 2004 Gala Awards Dinner for an opportunity to hit the dance floor, relax with your refractive surgery colleagues and honor this year’s award recipients:

  • Theo Seiler, MD, PhD: Lifetime Achievement Award
  • Ana Maria Torres G.: Founders’ Award
  • Jack T. Holladay, MD, MSEE: Barraquer Award
  • Che Connon, PhD: Troutman Award
  • Thomas F. Neuhann, MD: Kritzinger Memorial Award
  • Stephen G. Slade, MD: Casebeer Award
  • Steven C. Schallhorn, MD: Lans Distinguished Award
  • To Be Announced: Miradas Award

This black-tie optional event takes place on Saturday, Oct. 23, from 7 p.m. to midnight in the Magnolia ballroom at the Wyndham Orleans Canal Place.

Dinner tickets are $125 each. Seats are limited. Advance registration is recommended.

To buy tickets, you must select the “Register with Dinner” option when you register for the International Refractive Surgery: Science and Practice Subspecialty Day.

Members at Large

State-to-State: Chief Residents Meet at Leadership Forum
Academy President Allan D. Jensen, MD, shared his personal experiences about leadership in organized medicine at the inaugural Chief Residents Forum in June. Approximately 40 chief residents traveled to Dallas for the forum, which was hosted by CareerPhysician, a career management company, and supported by an unrestricted educational grant from Alcon.

“Our goal was to orchestrate a rich and diverse weekend to open up the world of effective leadership,” said CareerPhysician’s president Wesley Millican. The forum focused on key leadership topics, such as accountability, conflict resolution, cultural development and goal setting.

For instance, Anthony Arnold, MD, program director at the University of California, Los Angeles, addressed conflict resolution and dealing with the problem resident; Robert F. Melendez, MD, chief resident at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, discussed key attributes of a successful chief resident.

“The Academy looks forward to the continued involvement of these future leaders in organized ophthalmology,” noted Dr. Jensen.

Who’s in the News
Stuart R. Dankner, MD, was interviewed June 24 on CNN Headline News regarding a study showing 20 percent of children who have glasses may not need them. This study also shows optometrists prescribe glasses 35 percent of the time, whereas pediatric ophthalmologists prescribe them 2 percent of the time.

On June 28, Chicago’s WMAQ television station featured Randy J. Epstein, MD, in a segment on the Crystalens procedure.

Eve J. Higginbotham, MD, was quoted in the June 16 issue of The Plain Dealer (Cleveland) on the study she coauthored showing that prescription eye drops are effective in preventing or slowing onset of glaucoma
in African-Americans.

Dennis S. C. Lam, MD, and Thomas L. Steinemann, MD, were quoted in the March 1 issue of HealthScout.com on orthokeratology and corneal ulcers among children who wear rigid contact lenses.

People
This year, the American Ophthalmological Society presented the Lucien Howe Medal to Arthur Jampolsky, MD, in recognition of his contributions to ophthalmology.

J. Justin Older, MD, was a key lecturer at the Second International Ophthalmoplastic Summer Congress.

In June, the White House honored Arnall Patz, MD, as one of 13 individuals who received this year’s Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest civilian honor. Dr. Patz was honored for a long list of achievements, which includes discovering the cause and treatment of retinopathy of prematurity in newborns—for which he received the Albert Lasker Medical Research Award in 1956—and collaborating on one of the first argon lasers used in the treatment of degenerative eye diseases. This year’s other medal recipients include Pope John Paul II and golfer Arnold Palmer.

Also in June, the Maryland Society for Sight presented Dr. Patz with its 2004 Person of Vision Award in recognition of his lifelong contributions to ophthalmology.

For the Record

Notice of 2004 Annual Business Meeting
The American Academy of Ophthalmology’s annual business meeting will be held Sunday, Oct. 24, in the auditorium at the Morial Convention Center, New Orleans, from 10 to 10:30 a.m. The order of business shall be:

  • Call to order
  • Report of the president
  • Report of the executive vice president
  • Election of fellows and members
  • New business
  • Announcements and notices
  • Adjournment

As stated in the Academy’s bylaws, the order of business of each annual business meeting may be amended by an affirmative vote of a majority of the Voting Fellows and Members present and voting at the meeting.



Proposed Amendments to the 2004 Articles of Incorporation, Bylaws & Procedural Rules
The American Academy of Ophthalmology Board of Trustees recommends the following proposed amendments to the Academy Articles of Incorporation, Bylaws and Procedural Rules for consideration and adoption by voting fellows and members via official mail ballot to be forwarded to the voting fellows and members after the Annual Business Meeting on Sunday, October 24, 2004 at the Ernest M. Morial Convention Center in New Orleans.

New language is underlined, and deleted words and phrases are indicated by strike through.

Only the affected portions of the current documents are printed here.

An explanation of the nature or reasons for the proposed changes precedes each segment.

Board of Trustees Statement: The following changes to the Academy’s Articles of Incorporation reflect the reorganization in March 2004 that eliminated use of the American Academy of Ophthalmology Charitable, Educational and Scientific Fund (CES) and transferred assets of the CES to The Foundation of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, a 501(c)(3) corporation.

ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION
ARTICLE VIII. DISSOLUTION
The Academy may be dissolved in accordance with the laws of the State of Minnesota. Upon dissolution of the Academy, and after the payment of all liabilities and obligations of the Academy and all costs and expenses incurred by the Academy in connection with such dissolution, and subject always to the further provisions of this Article VIII and to Article X hereof, all remaining assets shall be distributed to and among such one or more organizations as are then exempt from federal income taxes under Section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 as organizations described in Sections 170(c)(2) and 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, all in such amounts or proportions as shall be determined by the Board of Trustees of the Academy, by the affirmative vote of at least a majority of the total number of Trustees of the Academy. Notwithstanding anything apparently or expressly to the contrary hereinabove contained in this Article VIII and subject always to Article X hereof, (a) any assets then held by the Academy in trust or upon condition or subject to an executory or special limitation, if the condition or limitation occurs by reason of the dissolution of the Academy, shall revert or be returned, transferred, or conveyed in accordance with the terms and provisions of such trust, condition, or limitation; and (b) if the dissolution of the Academy is required by the laws of the State of Minnesota then in existence to be conducted under court supervision, the dissolution of the Academy shall be so conducted, and its assets not described in clause (a) of this sentence shall be transferred or conveyed to such one or more organizations described in the preceding sentence of this Article VIII as the court may determine.

ARTICLE X. AMERICAN ACADEMY OF OPHTHALMOLOGY CHARITABLE, EDUCATIONAL AND SCIENTIFIC FUND
The Academy shall have a fund, separate and apart from all other funds and properties of the Academy, known as the “American Academy of Ophthalmology Charitable, Educational and Scientific Fund” (hereinafter referred to as the “Fund”), which is organized and shall be operated exclusively to perform and to assist in carrying out, the Academy’s charitable, educational, and scientific purposes and functions described in Article II hereof, all as contemplated and permitted by Sections 170(c)(2), 501(c)(3) and 509(a)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. Within the framework and limitations of the foregoing, the Fund is established and shall be operated exclusively to engage in, advance, support, and administer charitable, educational, and scientific activities, causes, and projects of the Academy of every kind and nature whatsoever, and, but only if and to the extent consistent with the foregoing purposes, to aid, assist, and contribute to the support of corporations, associations, trusts, foundations, and institutions that are organized and operated exclusively for one or more purposes described in Sections 170(c)(2) and 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, that are described in Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and that are exempt from federal income taxes under Section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

For such purposes and not otherwise, the Fund shall have and exercise only such powers as are required by and are consistent with the foregoing purposes, including the power to acquire and receive funds and property of every kind and nature whatsoever, whether by purchase, conveyance, lease, gift, grant, bequest, legacy, devise, or otherwise and whether in trust or otherwise, and to own, hold, expend, make gifts, grants, and contributions of, and to convey, transfer, and dispose of any funds and property and the income therefrom in furtherance of the purposes of the Academy hereinabove set forth, or any of them, and to lease, mortgage, encumber, and use the same, and such other powers that are consistent with the foregoing purposes and that are afforded to nonprofit corporations by the Minnesota Nonprofit Corporation Act.

Provided, however, that all such powers of the Fund shall be exercised only so that the activities of the Fund shall be exclusively within the contemplation of Sections 170(c)(2), 501(c)(3), and 509(a)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; and provided further, however, that the Fund shall not carry on any activity not permitted to be carried on by an organization that is described in Sections 501(c)(3) and 509(a)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and is exempt from federal income taxes under Section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 or by an organization that is described in, and contributions to which are deductible for federal income tax purposes under Section 170(c)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.


The Fund shall not, incidentally or otherwise, afford or pay any pecuniary gain, dividends, or other pecuniary remuneration to the Academy or to members of the Academy as such, and no part of the net income or net earnings of the Fund shall, directly or indirectly, be distributable to or inure to the benefit of the Academy or any member of the Academy or any other individual. No part of the activities of the Fund shall be the carrying on of propaganda, or otherwise attempting, to influence legislation, and the Fund shall not participate in, or intervene in (including the publishing or distributing of statements), any political campaign on behalf of, or in opposition to, any candidate for public office.

The governing body of the Fund shall be the Board of Trustees of the Academy, and the day-to-day business and affairs of the Fund shall be conducted by the persons who are from time to time the officers and employees of the Academy and charged with such responsibilities. The Board of Trustees of the Academy may create, and appoint members to, one or more advisory committees to advise it with respect to the Fund.

Upon dissolution of the Academy or upon simultaneous or earlier termination of the Fund, and notwithstanding anything apparently or expressly to the contrary contained in Article VIII hereof, all assets and properties of the Fund remaining after the payment of all liabilities of the Fund shall be distributed to and among such one or more organizations as are then exempt from federal income taxes under Section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 as organizations described in Sections 170(c)(2) and 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, all in such amounts or proportions as shall be determined by the Board of Trustees of the Academy, by the affirmative vote of at least a majority of the total number of Trustees of the Academy. Notwithstanding anything apparently or expressly to the contrary contained in the first sentence of this final paragraph of Article X, (a) if the dissolution of the Academy is required by the laws of the State of Minnesota then in existence to be conducted under court supervision, the dissolution of the Academy shall be so conducted, and the assets of the Fund in the last sentence of this paragraph of Article X shall be transferred or conveyed to such one or more organizations described in the preceding sentence of this Article X as the court may determine as are then in existence and are described in Sections 170(c)(2) and 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, in such proportions as shall be determined, and (b) if any assets or properties are then held by the Fund in trust or upon condition or subject to any executory or special limitation and if the condition of limitation occurs by reason of the termination of the Fund or the dissolution of the Academy, such assets or properties shall revert or be returned, transferred, or conveyed in accordance with the terms and provisions of such trust, condition, or limitation.

ARTICLE XI. REFERENCES
All references in Articles II, and VIII, and X hereof to a particular section of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall mean and include, as now enacted or as hereafter amended, such section and any provision of federal law as is or may hereafter be applicable, cognate to such section. All references in Articles II and X hereof to the Minnesota Nonprofit Corporation Act shall mean and include, as now enacted or as hereafter amended, Chapter 317A of the Minnesota Statutes and any provisions of Minnesota law as are or may hereafter be applicable, cognate to such provisions.

Board of Trustees Statement: In order to appropriately identify the Academy’s membership category that identifies a person who is engaged in full-time research in a science related to ophthalmology, the following amendments to the Bylaws are needed to change the name of Academy Industry members to Academy Research Scientist member.

BYLAWS
1.16. Industry Research Scientist Member. A person who holds a degree of Doctor of Medicine, Doctor of Osteopathy, Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, or Doctor of Philosophy in science, and who is not an ophthalmologist, but is engaged in full-time research in a science related to ophthalmology, shall be eligible for nomination to receive an invitation for membership as an Industry Research Scientist Member. A person thought to be an eligible candidate for invitation may be nominated by three (3) two (2) Active or Life Fellows or Members, on the form prescribed by the Board of Trustees. If the Board of Trustees, in its sole discretion, determines that the candidate should be invited for membership as an Industry  Research Scientist Member, an acceptance form prescribed by the Board of Trustees shall be furnished to the candidate. A person’s status as an Industry Member, once effective as provided in Section 1.15, shall automatically terminate as of the second ensuing January 1 unless the person earlier ceases to be such a member or within thirty (30) days before the second ensuing January 1 date, files with the Executive Vice President a certification form prescribed by the Board of Trustees, attesting to the person’s continued satisfaction of all the requirements for eligibility for nomination to membership in that class for an additional period of two (2) calendar years. Subsequent biennial extensions shall be subject to the same certification requirement A certification attesting to the person’s continued satisfaction of all the requirements for eligibility for nomination to membership in that class shall be required annually.

Board of Trustees Statement: The following change will make all references to the Academy’s Foundation’s EyeCare America Advisory Board consistent in the Bylaws.

BYLAWS
ARTICLE III. BOARD OF TRUSTEES
3.02. Composition of the Board of Trustees. The Board of Trustees shall be composed of:
(a) the persons who are from time to time the Elected and   Appointed Officers of the Academy referred to in Section 4.01  of these Bylaws;
(b)  the most recent living Past President of the Academy able to serve on the Board of Trustees;
(c)  the Chair of the Council;
(d)  the Vice Chair of the Council;
(e)  the Chair of the Academy FoundationEyeCare America Advisory Board;
(f)  six (6) Trustees-at-Large; and

3.03. Terms.
… (e)  The Chair of the FoundationEyeCare America Advisory Board shall serve on the Board of Trustees for one (1) full term of three (3)  years, or for such shorter term as the person serves as Chair of the Foundation,EyeCare America Advisory Board, and shall be eligible for one additional three (3) year term.
(f)  Each Public Trustee appointed by the Board of Trustees shall serve on the Board of Trustees for one (1) full term of three (3) years, except that the terms of the Public Trustees may be staggered by the Board of Trustees so that not all of the terms of Public Trustees expire in the same year. A Public Trustee shall be eligible for re-appointment to the Board of Trustees.
(g)  A person who serves on the Board of Trustees for less than one-half (1/2) of a full term shall not be considered to have served a full term for purposes of determining the person’s eligibility for continued service on or for re-election to the Board of Trustees. A person’s term as a Trustee on the Board of Trustees commences on whichever is applicable of January 1 of the calendar year following the year in which the person is elected to the Board of Trustees or the date on which the person automatically becomes an ex officio member of the Board of Trustees.

3.04. Duties and Responsibilities of Trustees.
(a)  The Past President serving on the Board of Trustees, the Chair of the Council, the Vice Chair of the Council, the Chair of the Academy FoundationEyeCare America Advisory Board, and each Public Trustee shall have all of the duties and responsibilities as Trustees prescribed by these Bylaws and that the President or the Board of Trustees may determine.
… (c)  Each Trustee shall be entitled to one (1) vote on all matters coming before the Board of Trustees, except as the contrary is provided in the Procedural Rules, and except further that only the Elected Officers, the Appointed Officers, the Past President serving on the Board of Trustees, the Trustees-at-Large, and the Chair and Vice Chair of the Council, and the Chair of the Academy Foundation EyeCare America Advisory Board shall be entitled to vote on matters involving matters of governance, rules, or procedures of the Academy or matters described in Section 5.03.

Board of Trustees Statement: In order to modernize the Academy’s Bylaws as we no longer need to refer to the 1993 transition, the following amendments to the Bylaws are needed.

BYLAWS
3.03. Terms
.
(a)  Each Elected Officer and Appointed Officer shall serve on the Board of Trustees for a term contemporaneous with the person’s tenure as an Elected Officer or an Appointed Officer in accordance with Article IV.
(b)  Effective January 1, 1993, the position theretofore known as “Director-at-Large” shall automatically become the position of “Trustee-at-Large,” and each person then serving on the Board of Trustees as a Trustee-at-Large shall serve out the unexpired portion of the term to which the person was elected and shall be ineligible for re-election to the Board of Trustees as a Trustee-at-Large. Each successorEach Trustee-at-Large shall serve on the Board of Trustees for one (1) full term of four (4) years, or until a successor is elected, except that the terms of the successor Trustees-at-Large shall be staggered so that the terms of no more than two (2) expire each year. A Trustee-at-Large shall be ineligible for re-election to the Board of Trustees for a second term as a Trustee-at-Large.

Board of Trustees Statement: The following changes to the Academy’s Bylaws will add the Audit Committee as a standing committee of the Board.

BYLAWS
ARTICLE VI. COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES
6.01. Standing Committees of the Board of Trustees shall be the Executive Committee and, the Nominating  Committee and the Audit Committee.

6.04.  Audit Committee. The Audit Committee shall be composed of at least three (3) members of the Board of Trustees. The Audit Committee shall interact with the Academy’s independent auditors, shall present the annual audit report to the Board of Trustees, and at all other times shall bring any material concerns to the attention of the Board of Trustees as soon as is practicable.
6.04.6.05. Other Committees.

Board of Trustees Statement: In order to minimize potential conflicts of interest, and to promote full and open discussion at meetings of the Nominating Committee, the following amendments to the Bylaws are recommended.

BYLAWS
ARTICLE VI. COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES
6.03. Nominating Committee. The Nominating Committee shall be composed of: …
…This Committee shall function as the nominating committee of the Board of Trustees for candidates for all Elected Officers and Trustees-at-Large. The Committee shall meet at the call of its Chair. It shall recommend candidates to fill a vacancy in the position of Trustee-at-Large and in any Office in the Academy, other than the Office of President, except as otherwise provided in Section 5.04 of these Bylaws, and other than the positions of Chair of the Council and Vice Chair of the Council. No member of the Nominating Committee shall be eligible for recommendation to any Elected Office or other position on the Board of Trustees, except that a Senior Secretary or Secretary may be recommended for re-election if he or she is eligible for re-election. No Senior Secretary or Secretary shall participate in any discussion or vote concerning that member’individual’s potential or actual recommendation by the Committee to any Elected Office or other position on the Board of Trustees. The Committee shall meet at the call of its Chair. be re-elected.

In the event of a vacancy in the Nominating Committee resulting from the removal or resignation of a Trustee-at-Large, a Senior Secretary or a Secretary, the position may remain vacant or it may be filled by the President, who may appoint any Trustee-at-Large who is not serving on the Executive Committee, or any Senior Secretary or Secretary, even if such person served on the previous year’s Nominating Committee. If there is a vacancy resulting from the removal or resignation of a Councilor, the Chair of the Council may appoint a Councilor from the appropriate Council Section to replace him or her.

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