• MAY 14, 2015

    Learning the Lingo: Ophthalmic Abbreviations

    Given the amount of abbreviations in the ophthalmic lexicon, one might think ophthalmologists speak purely in code. To help you avoid the confusion and steer away from the embarrassing mistake, this cheat sheet includes more than 100 basic abbreviations you’ll need to know as you learn the professional lingo.

    AC
    ALT
    APD, RAPD
    ARMD, AMD
    ASC
    Anterior chamber
    Argon laser trabeculoplasty
    (Relative) Afferent pupillary defect
    Age-related macular degeneration
    Anterior subcapsular cataract
    BDR
    BRAO
    BRVO
    BSCL
    Background diabetic retinopathy
    Branch retinal artery occlusion
    Branch retinal vein occlusion
    Bandage soft contact lens
    CACG
    cC
    CE/IOL
    CF
    C3F8

    CL
    COAG
    CNVM, CNV
    CPC
    CRAO
    CRS
    CRVO
    CSME
    CSR, CSCR
    Chronic angle-closure glaucoma
    With correction
    Cataract extraction with intraocular lens implant
    Count fingers
    Perfluoropropane (gas)
    Contact lens
    Chronic open-angle glaucoma
    Choroidal neovascular membrane
    Cyclophotocoagulation
    Central retinal artery occlusion
    Chorioretinal scar
    Central retinal vein occlusion
    Clinically significant macular edema
    Central serous (chorio) retinopathy
    DCR
    DES
    DR
    DSAEK
    Dacryocystorhinostomy
    Dry eye syndrome
    Diabetic retinopathy
    Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty
    E
    ECCE
    EKC
    EL
    ERM
    ET
    E(T)
    Esophoria
    Extracapsular cataract extraction
    Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis
    Endolaser
    Epiretinal membrane
    Esotropia
    Intermittent esotropia
    FAX, AFx
    FTCF
    Fluid-air exchange
    Full to count fingers
    HM
    HSV
    HVF
    HZO
    Hand motion
    Herpes simplex virus
    Humphrey visual field
    Herpes zoster ophthalmicus
    IOL
    IOP
    IRMA
    Intraocular lens
    Intraocular pressure
    Intraretinal microvascular abnormality
    KPs
    Keratic precipitates
    LASIK
    LHT
    LP
    LPI
    Laser in situ keratomileusis
    Left hypertropia
    Light perception
    Laser peripheral iridotomy
    MA
    MH
    MP
    MR
    Microaneurysm
    Macular hole
    Membrane peeling or macular pucker
    Manifest refraction
    NLP
    NPDR
    NS
    NVA
    NVD
    NVE
    NVG
    NVI
    No light perception
    Nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy
    Nuclear sclerosis
    Neovascularization of the angle
    Neovascularization at disc
    Neovascularization elsewhere
    Neovascular glaucoma
    Neovascularization of iris (rubeosis iridis)
    OD
    OGR
    OS
    OU
    Oculus dexter (right eye)
    Open globe repair
    Oculus sinister (left eye)
    Oculus uterque (both eyes)
    PACG
    PAS
    PC
    PCO
    PDR
    PED
    PEE
    PERRL(A)
    PH
    PK, PKP
    POAG
    POHS
    PPA
    PPL
    PPV
    PRK
    PRP
    PS
    PSC
    PTK
    PVD
    PVR
    PXG
    PXS
    Primary angle-closure glaucoma
    Peripheral anterior synechiae
    Posterior chamber
    Posterior capsule opacity
    Proliferative diabetic retinopathy
    Pigment epithelial detachment
    Punctate epithelial erosion
    Pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation
    Pinhole
    Penetrating keratoplasty
    Primary open-angle glaucoma
    Presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome
    Peripapillary atrophy
    Pars plana lensectomy
    Pars plana vitrectomy
    Photorefractive keratectomy
    Panretinal photocoagulation
    Posterior synechiae
    Posterior subcapsular cataract
    Phototherapeutic keratectomy
    Posterior vitreous detachment
    Proliferative vitreoretinopathy
    Pseudoexfoliation glaucoma
    Pseudoexfoliation syndrome
    RAPD
    RD
    RHT
    RK
    ROP
    RP
    RPE
    RRD
    Relative afferent pupillary defect
    Retinal detachment
    Right hypertropia
    Radial keratotomy
    Retinopathy of prematurity
    Retinitis pigmentosa
    Retinal pigment epithelium
    Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
    SB
    sC
    SF6

    SLE
    SLT
    SO, SiO
    SRF
    SRH
    Scleral buckle
    Without correction
    Sulfur hexafluoride (gas)
    Slit-lamp examination
    Selective laser trabeculoplasty
    Silicone oil
    Subretinal fluid
    Subretinal hemorrhage
    TA
    TBUT
    TRD
    Tonometry by applanation
    Tear breakup time
    Tractional retinal detachment
    VA
    VF
    VH
    Visual acuity
    Visual field
    Vitreous hemorrhage
    X
    XT
    X(T)
    Exophoria
    Exotropia
    Intermittent exotropia
    YAG Yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser used in posterior capsule opacity; also referred to as a neodymium (Nd):YAG laser

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    David E. Vollman, MD, MBAAbout the author: David E. Vollman, MD, MBA, is an assistant professor of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences in the Washington University School of Medicine. After completing an MD/MBA dual-degree program at Ohio State University College of Medicine, he completed his ophthalmology residency at the Washington University/Barnes-Jewish Hospital/St. Louis Children’s Hospital Consortium Program, where he served as chief resident.