• Background on Maintenance of Certification

  • Frequently Asked Questions

    Who determines the Maintenance of Certification (MOC) requirements?

    The MOC program for ophthalmology was developed by ophthalmologists for ophthalmologists as part of a system of physician professional self-regulation. Specific activities are created and administered by the American Board of Ophthalmology (ABO) and its teams of ophthalmic subject matter experts to meet standards established by the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) for continuing certification programs. The ABO is a separate entity from the Academy and is an independent, nonprofit organization responsible for certifying ophthalmologists (eye physicians and surgeons).

    What are the required MOC activities?


    Who should participate in MOC?

    The MOC program is open to all ophthalmologists certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology. Ophthalmologists who were certified after July 1, 1992 are required to participate in the process to maintain their certification. To enroll in MOC, visit the ABO's Web site.

    What are the dates, deadlines, and timeline for the MOC process?

    Because the program for MOC has evolved over time, two 10-year tracks for MOC are currently in place. The requirements for each track are based on the expiration date of diplomates' current certificate.
    • MOC Track 1 (diplomates with certificate expiration dates on or before 12/31/2020)
    • MOC Track 2 (diplomates with certificate expiration dates on or after 12/31/2021)

    Is there an MOC examination?

    Effective 2019, the ABO transitioned to an online, longitudinal assessment program known as Quarterly Questions to replace its previous once-a-decade, closed book examination (the DOCK). Quarterly Questions blends learning and assessment, and through a partnership with the Academy awards CME credit for participation. More information about the Quarterly Questions program is available on the ABO website.

    What is the Quarterly Questions assessment program based on?

    The questions for the Quarterly Questions program are based on an examination blueprint developed by the ABO in consultation with ophthalmic subject matter experts from around the country. 

    CME for MOC Participation

    In addition to earning CME through the Academy for Quarterly Questions, physicians may be able to claim AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™ directly from the American Medical Association for learning that occurs because of American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) member board certification or recertification. Please contact the AMA for a direct credit application and submit all required documentation to the AMA.