Pediatric Ophthalmology Subspecialty Day 2018
    Pediatric Ophth/Strabismus

    The worldwide distribution is rapidly shifting toward myopia. Particularly prominent in urban East Asia, affecting up to 95% of 20-year-olds, myopia prevalence is also rising throughout Western Europe and the United States, affecting about 50% of young adults. The most established lifestyle factors for myopia are high education, lack of outdoor exposure, and excessive near work. Recent research has identified many genetic variants for refractive errors, myopia, and axial length. Two large study cohorts have provided the most comprehensive results:

    • International Consortium for Refractive Error and Myopia (CREAM)
    • The personal genomics company 23andMe