Symblepharon is an adhesion between conjunctival surfaces. It can occur as a result of inflammation, infection, trauma, or previous surgery. Conjunctival Z-plasties are sometimes effective for localized contracted linear adhesions when vertical lengthening of the involved tissue is the primary objective. More extensive symblepharon formation requires a full-thickness conjunctival graft or flap, a partial-thickness buccal mucous membrane graft, or an amniotic membrane graft.
Excerpted from BCSC 2020-2021 series: Section 10 - Glaucoma. For more information and to purchase the entire series, please visit https://www.aao.org/bcsc.