Less is known about the epidemiology of hyperopia than that of myopia. There appears to be an increase in the prevalence of adult hyperopia with age that is separate from the development of nuclear sclerotic cataracts. Nuclear sclerosis is usually associated with a myopic shift. In whites, the prevalence of hyperopia increases from about 20% among those in their 40s to about 60% among those in their 70s and 80s. In contrast to myopia, hyperopia has been associated with lower educational achievement.
Excerpted from BCSC 2020-2021 series : Section 3 - Clinical Optics. For more information and to purchase the entire series, please visit https://www.aao.org/bcsc.