Posterior uveitis is inflammation that involves primarily the retina and/or choroid.
Panuveitis is inflammation that involves all anatomical components of the eye—anterior chamber, vitreous, retina, and/or choroid.
Posterior uveitis and panuveitis may be associated with systemic infection or autoimmune disease, which can be diagnosed by history and physical examination, review of systems, and focused workup.
Initial treatment of noninfectious posterior uveitis and panuveitis typically involves systemic and/or local corticosteroids. Systemic immunomodulatory therapy may be beneficial for patients who are intolerant of corticosteroids, require high doses of corticosteroids to control their disease, or require long-term treatment.
Excerpted from BCSC 2020-2021 series: Section 9 - Uveitis and Ocular Inflammation. For more information and to purchase the entire series, please visit https://www.aao.org/bcsc.