2020–2021 BCSC Basic and Clinical Science Course™
6 Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Part I: Strabismus
Chapter 14: Surgery of the Extraocular Muscles
Complications of Strabismus Surgery
Intraocular infection is uncommon following strabismus surgery. Mild conjunctivitis develops in some patients and may be caused by allergy to suture material or postoperative medications, as well as by infectious agents. Preseptal and orbital cellulitis with proptosis, eyelid swelling, chemosis, and fever are rare (Fig 14-2). These conditions usually develop 2–3 days after surgery and generally respond well to systemic antibiotics. Patients should be warned of the signs and symptoms of orbital cellulitis and endophthalmitis and instructed to seek emergency consultation if necessary.
Excerpted from BCSC 2020-2021 series: Section 10 - Glaucoma. For more information and to purchase the entire series, please visit https://www.aao.org/bcsc.