2020–2021 BCSC Basic and Clinical Science Course™
2 Fundamentals and Principles of Ophthalmology
Part I: Anatomy
Chapter 1: Orbit and Ocular Adnexa
The bony orbit surrounds the globe and helps protect it from blunt injury. Seven bones make up the bony orbit (Fig 1-1; also see Chapter 1 in BCSC Section 7, Oculofacial Plastic and Orbital Surgery):
A, Anatomy of the left orbit in a human skull. B, Color diagram of bones of the right orbit. The infraorbital groove leads to the anterior infraorbital canal and houses the infraorbital nerve.
(Part A courtesy of Alon Kahana, MD, PhD; part B illustration by Dave Peace.)
Excerpted from BCSC 2020-2021 series: Section 2 - Fundamentals and Principles of Ophthalmology. For more information and to purchase the entire series, please visit https://www.aao.org/bcsc.