Ophthalmic pathology is a subspecialty recognized by the American Academy of Ophthalmology, as well as other North American and international ophthalmology organizations.
Understanding the disorders and diseases that affect the eye and periocular structures requires an understanding of normal ocular structures and functions.
Pathologic entities are generally divided into the following major categories: developmental anomaly, inflammation, degeneration and dystrophy, and neoplasia.
The degeneration of a blind, traumatized eye involves a range of tissue alterations, including atrophia bulbi without shrinkage, atrophia bulbi with shrinkage, and phthisis bulbi.
Excerpted from BCSC 2020-2021 series: Section 4 - Ophthalmic Pathology and Intraocular Tumors. For more information and to purchase the entire series, please visit https://www.aao.org/bcsc.