The mumps virus is a member of the Paramyxoviridae family (other members include measles, parainfluenza, and respiratory syncytial virus). A single-stranded RNA virus, mumps is acquired by respiratory droplets and may cause parotitis, aseptic meningitis, and orchitis. Rarely, mumps may cause inflammation involving the cornea, optic nerve, or retina.
Khubchandani R, Rane T, Agarwal P, Nabi F, Patel P, Shetty AK. Bilateral neuroretinitis associated with mumps. Arch Neurol. 2002;59(10):1633–1636.
Excerpted from BCSC 2020-2021 series: Section 9 - Uveitis and Ocular Inflammation. For more information and to purchase the entire series, please visit https://www.aao.org/bcsc.