As in adults, uveitis in children can be classified according to several factors, including anatomical location, pathology (granulomatous or nongranulomatous), course (acute, chronic, or recurrent), or etiology (traumatic, immunologic, infectious [exogenous or endogenous], masquerade, or idiopathic). This chapter categorizes and describes uveitic entities using the basic anatomical classification of uveitis into 4 groups: anterior, intermediate, posterior, and panuveitis. Anatomical location of the uveitis can be helpful in determining etiology (Table 24-1). Results of a recent claims-based study of uveitis in the United States showed that anterior uveitis accounted for 75% of pediatric uveitis cases, with posterior uveitis and panuveitis accounting for the remaining 25%.
Thorne JE, Suhler E, Skup M, et al. Prevalence of noninfectious uveitis in the United States: a claims-based analysis. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1237–1245.
Table 24-1 Differential Diagnosis of Uveitis in Children
Excerpted from BCSC 2020-2021 series: Section 10 - Glaucoma. For more information and to purchase the entire series, please visit https://www.aao.org/bcsc.