Clinical Manifestations of Hemostatic Abnormalities
Hemorrhage resulting from hemostatic derangement must be differentiated from hemorrhage caused by localized processes. The presence of generalized or recurrent bleeding suggests abnormal hemostasis. Petechiae (small capillary hemorrhages of the skin and mucous membranes) and purpura (ecchymoses) are typical of platelet disorders and vasculitis. Subcutaneous hematomas and hemarthroses characterize coagulation abnormalities. Bleeding due to trauma may be massive and life-threatening in coagulation disorders, whereas bleeding is more likely to be slow and prolonged when platelet function is impaired.
Excerpted from BCSC 2020-2021 series: Section 1 - Update on General Medicine. For more information and to purchase the entire series, please visit https://www.aao.org/bcsc.