2020–2021 BCSC Basic and Clinical Science Course™
2 Fundamentals and Principles of Ophthalmology
Part II: Embryology
Chapter 4: Ocular Development
This chapter includes related videos, which can be accessed by scanning the QR codes provided in the text or going to www.aao.org/bcscvideo_section02.
The eye develops from 2 germ layers, the ectoderm and the mesoderm.
Most of the eye forms from different types of ectoderm: surface ectoderm, neuroectoderm, and neural crest cells.
The eye is formed by a series of genetic cascades; alteration of these cascades results in ocular malformations such as microphthalmia and coloboma.
Excerpted from BCSC 2020-2021 series: Section 2 - Fundamentals and Principles of Ophthalmology. For more information and to purchase the entire series, please visit https://www.aao.org/bcsc.