• By Leela V. Raju, MD; Madhavi Ghanta, DNB; V.K. Raju, MD FRCS FACS
    Manual small-incision extracapsular cataract extraction, or MSICS, has become an extremely efficient and financially feasible technique for cataract removal in situations in which phacoemulsification is problematic, as well as for treating patients in developing countries. N…
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    By Juan D. Arias, MD ; J. Fernando Arevalo, MD, FACS
    Toxoplasma gondii is an ubiquitous, obligate intracellular protozoan and is considered to be the most common cause of infective retinitis in immunocompetent humans. The course of systemic disease in immunocompetent adults is usually asymptomatic and self-limiting. As soon as…
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    By Kumiko Nakao, MD, PhD; Taiji Sakamoto, MD, PhD
    Optic disc change is frequently associated with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKH) but not studied in great detail. While optic disc change may hamper the correct diagnosis of VKH, the presence of VKH may also hinder the diagnosis of optic disc disease. This article explores…
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    By Michael E. Zegans, MD; Khalid F. Tabbara, MD
    Introduction Ocular toxoplasmosis is caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii. The organism may lead to acute or chronic infection in humans. Humans may acquire the disease by ingestion of the cyst of the parasite in undercooked beef, lamb, pork, or chicken. Other modes of t…
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