• Glaucoma

    This study investigated the ability to assess glaucoma risk among elderly people with advanced health awareness. The authors found no relationship between participants' response on a glaucoma risk assessment questionnaire and presence of glaucoma. They say the results suggest that even when general health awareness is advanced, self-assessment of risk for glaucoma may remain poor in the elderly.

    The study included 114 volunteers who were members of an osteoporosis patient organization group of which members regularly receive health education and health awareness support. They were provided with structured written information on risk factors for glaucoma.

    Later, they completed questionnaires on their risk for glaucoma (average vs. increased), demographics, trait anxiety as measured with the Trait Anxiety Inventory, and health anxiety, and underwent a detailed screening for glaucoma. Participants classified as possible glaucoma cases later underwent a detailed glaucoma investigation.

    Their average age was 70.9 years (range, 41 to 88 years), and 107 of them were female. The final prevalence of glaucoma was 7.9 percent. Forty-three participants indicated an increased risk for glaucoma and 71 participants did not estimate his/her risk to be increased.

    No relationship was found between the participants' response on the glaucoma risk assessment questionnaire and presence of glaucoma (P = 0.725), presence of any risk factor of glaucoma (P > 0.473 for all risk factors), various sociodemographic parameters (P > 0.05 for all parameters), trait anxiety (Mann-Whitney test, P = 0.178), or health anxiety (P = 0.204).