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    Experts InSight
    Comprehensive Ophthalmology, Neuro-Ophthalmology/Orbit
    CME 0.5 General AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™

    Spaceflight-associated neuro-ocular syndrome (SANS) is a constellation of findings that often present in astronauts who have undergone long-duration space flight in microgravity environments. Astronauts with SANS may have disc edema, choroidal folds, cotton wool spots, nerve fiber layer thickening on OCT, globe flattening, and hyperopic shift. In today's episode, neuro-ophthalmologist and NASA consultant Dr. Andy Lee shares what we know about SANS and its implications on our terrestrial knowledge, technology, and the future.

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    CME Information

    Release: June 13, 2024; expires June 13, 2027

    Financial Disclosures:
    Planner/Faculty: Dr. Redfern reports no relevant financial disclosures.
    Faculty: Dr. Lee reports no relevant financial disclosures.
    Review Panel: Dr. Mazeyar Saboori receives consulting and lecture fees from Aerie Pharmaceuticals. The following reviewers report no financial disclosures: Jeffrey D. Henderer, MD; Danah Albreiki, MBBS; Ashiyani Nariani, MD, MPH; Annie Moreau, MD; and Allison Umfress, MD.

    Learning Objective: Upon completion of this episode, the listener should be able to describe how SANS presents in patients and the potential future implications—both to technology and the field of ophthalmologyof space travel.

    Audience: This activity is intended for comprehensive ophthalmologists.

    Accreditation: The American Academy of Ophthalmology is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

    The American Academy of Ophthalmology designates this internet enduring material for a maximum of 0.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

    Hardware/Software Requirements: This learning activity requires a current web browser and speaker or headset capable of playing streaming audio.