2020–2021 BCSC Basic and Clinical Science Course™
6 Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Part I: Strabismus
Chapter 14: Surgery of the Extraocular Muscles
Complications of Strabismus Surgery
A noninflamed, translucent subconjunctival mass may develop if conjunctival epithelium is buried during muscle reattachment or incision closure (Fig 14-5). Occasionally, the cyst resolves spontaneously. Topical steroids may be helpful; persistent cases may require surgical excision. In some cases, the cyst is incorporated into the muscle tendon, so careful exploration is mandatory to identify this complication.
Figure 14-2 Orbital cellulitis, right eye, 2 days after bilateral recession of the lateral rectus muscles.
Figure 14-3 Postoperative pyogenic granuloma over the left lateral rectus muscle.
(From Espinoza GM, Lueder GT. Conjunctival pyogenic granulomas after strabismus surgery. Ophthalmology. 2005;112(7): 1283–1286.)
Figure 14-4 Allergic reaction to chromic gut suture. Allergic reactions are rare with modern synthetic suture material such as polyglactin.
Figure 14-5 Postoperative epithelial cyst following right medial rectus muscle recession.
Excerpted from BCSC 2020-2021 series: Section 10 - Glaucoma. For more information and to purchase the entire series, please visit https://www.aao.org/bcsc.