2020–2021 BCSC Basic and Clinical Science Course™
Chapter 11: Glaucoma in Children and Adolescents
Primary Congenital Glaucoma
Primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) accounts for the majority of primary pediatric glaucomas, and newborn PCG accounts for approximately 25% of PCG cases. Most cases are bilateral (70%) and are diagnosed within the first year of life (>75%). PCG occurs more frequently in males (65%) than females. The incidence varies with ethnicity, and consanguinity greatly increases the risk. Without a family history of PCG, an affected patient has a 2% chance of having a child with PCG.
Excerpted from BCSC 2020-2021 series: Section 10 - Glaucoma. For more information and to purchase the entire series, please visit https://www.aao.org/bcsc.