2020–2021 BCSC Basic and Clinical Science Course™
12 Retina and Vitreous
Part II: Disorders of the Retina and Vitreous
Chapter 11: Focal and Diffuse Choroidal and Retinal Inflammation
Infectious Retinal and Choroidal Inflammation
Zika Virus Chorioretinitis
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a member of the virus family Flaviviridae and is related to yellow fever virus, dengue virus, and West Nile virus. Zika is primarily spread by the female Aedes aegypti mosquito; infection in adults is often asymptomatic or results in only mild symptoms. Infection during pregnancy, however, can result in severe microcephaly and other brain malformations in some infants. Macular and optic nerve abnormalities have been reported in some patients with ZIKV.
Excerpted from BCSC 2020-2021 series: Section 10 - Glaucoma. For more information and to purchase the entire series, please visit https://www.aao.org/bcsc.