2020–2021 BCSC Basic and Clinical Science Course™
9 Uveitis and Ocular Inflammation
Chapter 13: Masquerade Syndromes
Neoplastic Masquerade Syndromes
Neoplastic Masquerade Syndromes Secondary to Leukemia
Patients with leukemia may have retinal findings, including intraretinal hemorrhages, cotton-wool spots, white-centered hemorrhages, microaneurysms, and peripheral neovascularization. In rare instances, leukemic cells may invade the vitreous cavity. If the choroid is involved, exudative retinal detachment may be present and is angiographically similar to Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome. Leukemia may also present with a hypopyon or hyphema, iris heterochromia, or a pseudohypopyon, which can be gray-yellow.
Excerpted from BCSC 2020-2021 series: Section 9 - Uveitis and Ocular Inflammation. For more information and to purchase the entire series, please visit https://www.aao.org/bcsc.