Ocular Hypertension Diagnosis and Treatment
Your ophthalmologist will measure the pressure in your eye. During this test, your eye is numbed with eyedrops. Your doctor uses an instrument called a tonometer to measure how your cornea resists slight pressure. This helps determine your eye pressure.
Your ophthalmologist will also check for glaucoma. They will examine your optic nerve for signs of damage, and check your side (peripheral) vision.
How is ocular hypertension treated?
It is important to lower high eye pressure it before it causes vision loss or damage to the optic nerve.
Depending on your eye pressure, your ophthalmologist may decide not to start treatment right away. He or she will monitor pressure with regular testing instead.
However, your ophthalmologist may decide that you need medicine to lower your intraocular pressure. Eyedrop medicine can lower eye pressure. It is important that you follow the directions exactly for them to work.
Sometimes, your ophthalmologist may prescribe more than one medicine. They will schedule a visit within several weeks of starting the medicine to see how it is working.
Sometimes, a surgery called laser trabeculoplasty is used to lower eye pressure.
Many patients with ocular hypertension may go on to develop glaucoma. If that happens, your ophthalmologist will talk with you about treatment options.
If you have any questions, be sure to ask them. Your ophthalmologist is committed to protecting your sight.