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    Can You Guess April's Mystery Condition?

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    Make your diagnosis in the comments, and look for the answer in next month’s Blink.

    April 2022 Blink


    Last Month’s Blink

    Retinal Findings in Alport Syndrome

    Written by Joana Roque, MD, Júlio Almeida, MD, and Inês Coutinho, MD. Photo by Inês Nicho. All are from Hospital Prof. Doutor Fernando Fonseca, Lisbon, Portugal.

    March 2022 Blink

    A 20-year-old White man with Alport syndrome presented for his first-ever ocular evaluation. He had been diagnosed with Alport during childhood in the context of a positive family history, sensorineural deafness, and progressive kidney dys­function. The patient had been under dialysis treatment for end-stage renal failure for two years before we saw him.

    On examination, BCVA was 20/25 in both eyes. Anterior segment exam­ination showed no evidence of anterior lenticonus or other abnormal findings. However, fundus exam of both eyes showed fove­al-sparing retinal flecks, associated with the retinal “lozenge” or “dull macular reflex” typical of Alport syndrome (Figs. 1,2). OCT showed symmetrical temporal macular thinning, also consistent with the disease.

    Alport syndrome is a rare genetic disorder caused by mutations in three human genes involved in type IV collagen biosynthesis. It com­monly presents with characteristic retinal findings. The visual prognosis of these patients is favorable.

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