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    Can You Guess July's Mystery Condition?

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    Make your diagnosis in the comments, and look for the answer in next month’s Blink.

    July 2022 Blink

     

    Last Month’s Blink

    Airbag Keratitis

    Written by Caroline C. Awh, MD, and Tanner J. Ferguson, MD, Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio. Photo by Dr. Awh.

    June 2022 Blink

    An 11-year-old girl arrived at the emergency department reporting pain and blurry vision in both eyes after a motor ve­hicle accident. She had been sitting in the front passenger seat when the airbags deployed and struck her face.

    On presentation, her uncorrected near visual acuity was 20/70 in the right eye and 20/40 in the left eye but improved to 20/30 and 20/20, respectively, after proparacaine instillation. On slit-lamp examination, both eyes had mild conjunctival injection and corneal abra­sions with fluorescein uptake in a gridlike pattern distributed diffusely across the cornea (Figs. 1, 2). She was treated with erythromycin ointment four times daily and artificial tears. On follow-up two days later, her symptoms of pain and blurry vision had improved, visual acuity had improved to 20/20 in both eyes, and the corneal abrasions were resolved.

    Ocular injuries associated with airbags include corneal abrasions, eyelid trauma, and hyphema. The pattern of corneal fluorescein staining seen in our patient was likely caused by direct impact of the airbag, which is made of a woven nylon meshwork. Sodium hydroxide powder can escape through the nylon mesh when the airbag deploys, causing an ocular alkali burn. Although there were no clinical signs suggestive of alkali injury, the patient’s eyes were irrigated with 1 L of normal saline, and pH was checked and noted to be neu­tral in both eyes.

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