• MIPS 2020—Reporting Quality Measures Via Medicare Part B Claims

    This content is excerpted from EyeNet’s MIPS 2020; also see the Academy’s MIPS hub page.


    Table : Reporting Quality Measures Via Medicare Part B Claims

    Two data submission thresholds. If your reporting for a quality measure satisfies both the case minimum requirement (20 patients) and the data completeness criteria (70% of denominator-eligible patients), your performance rate will be compared against a benchmark (if the measure has one), and you can earn the achievement points indicated below (see column 3).

    What if you don’t meet the data submission thresholds? As a small practice, you will score 3 achievement points provided you report on at least one patient.

    Make sure you understand the measures. Review the Academy guide to reading quality measures (PDF) and then click the links in column 1 for detailed descriptions of each measure. For more detailed benchmark information, click the links in column 3. To get started, read “Tips on Using This Table.”

    If you haven't started yet, you need to get busy. The earlier in the year you start, the more likely you are to satisfy the 70%–data completeness criteria.

    ID: Measure Name High-Priority Measure (Bonus Points) Achievement Points Notes

    Preventive Health Measures

    1: Diabetes: Hemoglobin A1c Poor Control (>9%) Intermediate outcome (+2 points) 3-10 points Inverse measureflat benchmark
    110: Preventive Care and Screening: Influenza Immunization   3-7.9 points or, with a 100% performance rate, 10 points  
    111: Pneumonia Vaccination Status for Older Adults   3-7.9 points or, with a 100% performance rate, 10 points  
    117: Diabetes: Eye Exam   3-5.9 points or, with a 100% performance rate, 7 points Topped out7-point cap
    128: Preventive Care and Screening: Body Mass Index (BMI) Screening and Follow-up Plan   3-7 points Topped out7-point cap
    130: Documentation of Current Medications in the Medical Record Patient safety (+1 point) 3-5.9 points or, with a 100% performance rate, 7 points Topped out7-point cap
    154: Falls: Risk Assessment Patient safety (+1 point) 3-4.9 points or, with a 100% performance rate, 7 points Topped out7-point cap
    226: Preventive Care and Screening: Tobacco Use: Screening and Cessation Intervention   3-5.9 points or, with a 100% performance rate, 10 points Topped out 
    236: Controlling High Blood Pressure Intermediate outcome (+2 points) 3-10 points Flat benchmark
    317: Preventive Care and Screening: Screening for High Blood Pressure and Follow-Up Documented   3-6.9 points or, with a 100% performance rate, 10 points Topped out

    Glaucoma

    12: Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG): Optic Nerve Evaluation   3-4.9 points or, with a 100% performance rate, 7 points Topped out7-point cap
    141: Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG): Reduction of Intraocular Pressure (IOP) by 15% or Documentation of a Plan of Care Outcome (+2 points) 3-4.9 points or, with a 100% performance rate, 10 points  

    Neuro-Ophthalmology

    419: Overuse of Neuroimaging for Patients With Primary Headache and a Normal Neurological Examination Efficiency (+1 point) No benchmark yet Inverse measure

    Oculofacial Plastics/Reconstructive 

    397: Melanoma Reporting Care coordination (+1 point) 3-3.9 points or, with a 100% performance rate, 7 points Topped out7-point cap

    Retina/Vitreous

    Retina: Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
    14: AMD: Dilated Macular Examination   3-4.9 points or, with a 100% performance rate, 7 points Topped out7-point cap

    Tips on Using This Chart

    This chart shows the benchmarks for quality measures reported via Medicare Part B claims. You also can report via IRIS Registry–EHR integration and manually via the IRIS Registry.

    Column 1—ID: Measure Name

    Learn more about a measure by clicking on its name. Each measure’s name is linked to a detailed web page that explains which patients are denominator-eligible, lists relevant ICD-10 and CPT codes, describes how to report the measure, and provides detailed benchmark information. To help you make the most of these pages, the Academy has developed a guide to reading quality measures (PDF).

    Which measures should you report? Skim through this chart to see which measures you are most likely to (a) satisfy the case minimum requirement of 20 patients, (b) satisfy the 70%-data completeness criteria, and (c) achieve a high performance rate.

    Other factors to keep in mind are that:

    • you need to report at least one outcome or intermediate outcome measure (or if neither of those are available to you, some other type of high-priority measure);
    • you can earn bonus points for reporting additional high-priority measures (see column 2);
    • you should watch for measures where scoring stalls before the 10th decile—especially if they stall at a low decile (see column 3);
    • you should watch for measures that are subject to a 7-point cap (see column 4); and
    • you should be mindful of measures that don’t yet have a benchmark (see column 3).

    Column 2—High-Priority Measures (Bonus Points)

    Report at least one outcome measure. Report at least six quality measures, and at least one of them should be an outcome measure or an intermediate outcome measure (or if none is available, you must report another type of high-priority measure). 

    Earn high-priority bonus points. After reporting the initial, mandatory outcome or other high-priority measure (see above), you earn bonus points for submitting additional high-priority measures.

    Column 3—Achievement Points

    For some quality measures, you can earn 3-10 achievement points. Your score will depend on how your performance rate compares against a measure’s benchmark, which is split into deciles. If your performance rate falls within the benchmark’s 10th decile, you earn 10 achievement points; if it falls within the benchmark’s ninth decile, you earn 9.0-9.9 achievement points, depending on where it falls within that benchmark; if it falls within the benchmark’s eighth decile, you earn 8.0-8.9 achievement points; etc.

    Why does scoring for a measure start at 3 points? Provided you satisfy the 70%-data completeness criteria for a measure, there is a floor of 3 achievement points for reporting that measure. Thus, if your performance rate fell below the performance rate associated with the third decile, you would earn 3 achievement points. (If you didn’t satisfy the 70%-data completeness criteria, you would earn 3 achievement points if you are in a small practice, 0 points if you are in a large practice.)

    Why does scoring for some measures peak at 7 points? Some quality measures are subject to a 7-point cap.

    Scoring for some quality measures temporarily “stalls” before the 10th decile. The benchmarks for some quality measures approach perfect performance before the 10th decile. For example, measure 141, which is a primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) measure, has a benchmark that reaches a performance rate of 99.99% at the fourth decile. Consequently, if your performance rate is 99.99%, you would only earn 4.9 achievement points; however, a performance rate of 100% would earn you 10 achievement points (the chart indicates this in the “Achievement Points” column, by noting “3-4.9 points or, with a 100% performance rate, 10 points”). Some measures with stalled scoring also are subject to the 7-point cap, meaning that a performance rate of 100% would only earn you 7 achievement points.   

    What if a quality measure doesn’t yet have a benchmark? CMS used 2018 performance data to try and establish 2020 benchmarks for quality measures. If there isn’t enough 2018 performance data to establish a reliable benchmark for a measure, or if the measure didn’t exist in 2018, CMS will try to establish a benchmark retroactively using 2020 performance data. If it is still unable to establish a benchmark for a measure, you won’t be able to earn more than 3 achievement points for reporting that measure.

    Different benchmarks for different collection types. This chart refers to the benchmarks that would be used if you are reporting manually via Medicare Part B claims. There are other benchmark charts to review if you are reporting via IRIS Registry–EHR integration or manually via the IRIS Registry.

    Column 4—Notes

    What are inverse measures? An inverse quality measure is one where you earn more achievement points for a lower performance rate. (Example: Measure 1: Diabetes: Hemoglobin A1c Poor Control [>9%].)

    What is the 7-point cap? Once a quality measure is in its second year of being topped out, you won’t be able to score more than 7 achievement points for it.

    What is a flat benchmark? A flat benchmark is not based on performance data. Instead, it is based on a simple formula: A performance rate of 90% or more earns you 10 achievement points; a performance rate of 80%-88.9% earns you 9 achievement points, etc. For inverse measures that have a flat benchmark, such as measure 1, a performance rate of 10% or less earns you 10 achievement points, a performance rate of 10.1-20% earns you 9 achievement points, etc.

    What are topped out measures? CMS considers a measure to be topped out when a lot of clinicians are attaining, or almost attaining, maximum performance for that measure (e.g., the average performance rate is 95% or higher).

    Topped out measures have a limited life cycle. If a measure is topped out for at least two years, it is subject to a 7-point cap; topped out for three consecutive performance years, CMS will consider eliminating it in the fourth year. 

    What are extremely topped out measures? If CMS considers a measure to be extremely topped out (e.g., the average performance rate is 98% or higher), it can be removed from MIPS the following year, even if it hasn’t been topped out for three consecutive years. (Note: Topped out QCDR measures also are on an accelerated timetable for removal from MIPS, even if they aren’t extremely topped out.)

    Previous: Table: Reporting MIPS Quality Measures Manually via the IRIS Registry

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