• MIPS 2021—Your Guide to MIPS Acronyms

    This content is excerpted from EyeNet’s MIPS 2021; also see the Academy’s MIPS hub page.


    When the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthori­zation (MACRA) Bill of 2015 launched MIPS, it equipped the new pay-for-performance program with dozens of acronyms—some were co-opted from exist­ing regulatory programs; others were brand-new.

    Keep this guide to those acronyms handy; it will prove helpful whenever you are trying to refresh your memory on the MIPS regulations.

    AAPM: Advanced alternative payment model

    ACI: Advancing care information1

    ACO: Accountable care organization

    ACR measure: All-Cause Readmission measure

    APM: Alternative payment model

    APP: APM performance pathway

    ASC: Ambulatory surgical center

    CAHPS: Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems

    CCDS: Common Clinical Data Set2

    CEHRT: Certified electronic health record technology

    CHPL: Certified Health IT Product List

    CMS: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

    CPIA: Clinical practice improvement activities1

    CQM: Clinical quality measure

    CTBS: Communications technology-based services

    dQM: Digital quality measure

    EC: Eligible clinician

    eCQM: Electronic clinical quality measures

    EHR: Electronic health record

    FFS: Fee for service

    HARP: HCQIS Access Roles and Profile3

    HCC: Hierarchical Condition Category

    HCQIS: Health Care Quality Information Systems

    HHS: Health and Human Services

    HPSA: Health professional shortage area

    HWR measure: Hospital-Wide Readmission measure

    IRIS Registry: Intelligent Research in Sight Registry

    MACRA: Medicare Access and CHIP [Children’s Health Insurance Program]

    Reauthorization Bill of 2015

    MIPS: Merit-Based Incentive Payment System

    MIPS APM: MIPS alternative payment model

    MIPS CQM: MIPS clinical quality measure

    MIPS EC: MIPS eligible clinician

    MVP: MIPS Value Pathway

    MSPB measure: Medicare Spending Per Beneficiary measure

    MU: Meaningful use1

    NPI: National Provider Identifier

    ONC: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology

    P4P: Pay for performance

    PECOS: Provider Enrollment, Chain, and Ownership System

    PHE: Public Health Emergency

    PI: Promoting interoperability

    PQRS: Physician Quality Reporting System1

    PROM: Patient-reported outcome measure

    QCDR: Qualified Clinical Data Registry

    QP: Qualifying APM participant

    QPP: Quality Payment Program

    TIN: Taxpayer Identification Number

    TPCC measure: Total Per Capita Cost measure

    USCDI: US Core Data for Interoperability2

    Term no longer in use for MIPS: CMS replaced “advancing care infor­mation” with “promoting interoperability;” “clinical practice improve­ment activities” are now generally known as “improvement activiites;” the EHR “meaningful use” program evolved into the “promoting interoperability” performance category; and the “Physician Quality Reporting System” evolved into the quality performance category.

    2 The Common Clinical Data Set is used in 2015-edition CEHRT; the US Core Data for Interoperability is used in 2015-edition Cures Update CEHRT.

    3 The HARP system involves a CMS secure identity management portal that provides you with a user ID and password for several CMS applications.

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