This content is excerpted from EyeNet’s MIPS 2021; also see the Academy’s MIPS hub page.
When the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization (MACRA) Bill of 2015 launched MIPS, it equipped the new pay-for-performance program with dozens of acronyms—some were co-opted from existing regulatory programs; others were brand-new.
Keep this guide to those acronyms handy; it will prove helpful whenever you are trying to refresh your memory on the MIPS regulations.
AAPM: Advanced alternative payment model
ACI: Advancing care information1
ACO: Accountable care organization
ACR measure: All-Cause Readmission measure
APM: Alternative payment model
APP: APM performance pathway
ASC: Ambulatory surgical center
CAHPS: Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems
CCDS: Common Clinical Data Set2
CEHRT: Certified electronic health record technology
CHPL: Certified Health IT Product List
CMS: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
CPIA: Clinical practice improvement activities1
CQM: Clinical quality measure
CTBS: Communications technology-based services
dQM: Digital quality measure
EC: Eligible clinician
eCQM: Electronic clinical quality measures
EHR: Electronic health record
FFS: Fee for service
HARP: HCQIS Access Roles and Profile3
HCC: Hierarchical Condition Category
HCQIS: Health Care Quality Information Systems
HHS: Health and Human Services
HPSA: Health professional shortage area
HWR measure: Hospital-Wide Readmission measure
IRIS Registry: Intelligent Research in Sight Registry
MACRA: Medicare Access and CHIP [Children’s Health Insurance Program]
Reauthorization Bill of 2015
MIPS: Merit-Based Incentive Payment System
MIPS APM: MIPS alternative payment model
MIPS CQM: MIPS clinical quality measure
MIPS EC: MIPS eligible clinician
MVP: MIPS Value Pathway
MSPB measure: Medicare Spending Per Beneficiary measure
MU: Meaningful use1
NPI: National Provider Identifier
ONC: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology
P4P: Pay for performance
PECOS: Provider Enrollment, Chain, and Ownership System
PHE: Public Health Emergency
PI: Promoting interoperability
PQRS: Physician Quality Reporting System1
PROM: Patient-reported outcome measure
QCDR: Qualified Clinical Data Registry
QP: Qualifying APM participant
QPP: Quality Payment Program
TIN: Taxpayer Identification Number
TPCC measure: Total Per Capita Cost measure
USCDI: US Core Data for Interoperability2
1 Term no longer in use for MIPS: CMS replaced “advancing care information” with “promoting interoperability;” “clinical practice improvement activities” are now generally known as “improvement activiites;” the EHR “meaningful use” program evolved into the “promoting interoperability” performance category; and the “Physician Quality Reporting System” evolved into the quality performance category.
2 The Common Clinical Data Set is used in 2015-edition CEHRT; the US Core Data for Interoperability is used in 2015-edition Cures Update CEHRT.
3 The HARP system involves a CMS secure identity management portal that provides you with a user ID and password for several CMS applications.
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