Combined Cataract-Glaucoma Surgery
What is a cataract?
The naturally clear lens in our eye helps focus light, allowing us to see clearly. As we age, the lens becomes cloudy. Things look blurry, hazy, dull, or less colorful. This is called a cataract. Surgery is the only way to remove a cataract. Your doctor removes the eye’s cloudy, natural lens and replaces it with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL).
What is glaucoma?
When you have glaucoma, the natural fluid in the eye (called aqueous humor) does not flow out of the eye as easily as it should. The area where the fluid leaves the eye (called the drainage angle) is blocked. The fluid builds up, causing eye pressure to rise. This pressure damages your optic nerve. The optic nerve sends signals from your eye to your brain so you can see. If high eye pressure is not treated with medicine, surgery, or both, it can lead to blindness.
Treating glaucoma and cataract at the same time
Cataracts and glaucoma are two of the most common eye diseases in the world. Both diseases are more common in people as they get older. Many people with cataracts also have glaucoma. If a cataract makes it harder to see clearly, and eye pressure is not as it should be despite medicine or laser treatment, your doctor may suggest combined cataract-glaucoma surgery.