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    Grading Inferior Oblique Overaction (IOOA) Using iPhone Editing Tools

    By Mahmoud Ismail, FICO, MRCSEd

    Dr. Mahmoud Ismail presents a novel technique for measuring gaze photos using iPhone editing tools to evaluate the degree of inferior oblique overaction (IOOA). First identifying a primary landmark point on a forward gaze, he then uses a photograph demonstrating IOOA to compare measurements between both eyes to determine the appropriate grade.

    Financial Disclosures: Dr. Mahmoud Ismail discloses no financial relationships.