Disclaimer: These publications are translations of the American Academy of Ophthalmology's Preferred Practice Pattern guidelines. These translations reflect current practice in the United States of America as of the date of its original publication by the Academy, and may include some modifications that reflect national practices. The American Academy of Ophthalmology did not translate these publications and disclaims any responsibility for any modifications, errors, omissions or other possible fault in the translation. The Academy provides this material for educational purposes only. It is not intended to represent the only or best method or procedure in every case, or to replace a physician's own judgment or give specific advice for case management. Including all indications, contraindications, side effects, and alternative agents for each drug or treatment is beyond the scope of this material. All information and recommendations should be verified, prior to use, with current information included in the manufacturer's package inserts or other independent sources, and considered in light of the patient's condition and history. The Academy specifically disclaims any and all liability for injury or other damages of any kind, from negligence or otherwise, for any and all claims that may arise from the use of any recommendations or other information contained herein.