Due to poor air quality related to fires in California, the Academy’s San Francisco offices will be closed Friday, Nov. 16. Member support staff will not be available by phone and responses to emails may be delayed.

  • Retina/Vitreous

    This prospective, masked study included 65 patients randomized to subjunctival 2% lidocaine or sham injection before undergoing panretinal photocoagulation or peripheral laser retinopexy. A crossover group of patients who needed a second laser treatment received the opposite injection prior to treatment. Treated patients were more than 20 times more likely to be pain free than patients receiving the sham. In the crossover population, patients were 20 times more likely to prefer the anesthetic over the sham